国外成功人士和牛人推荐的十本书

When someone reads the right book at the right time in their life, it can have a profound effect. Such is the case for the people on this list, who come from all walks of life. These people have singled out a book that they read which had a life-changing effect on them. They, in turn, affected the worlds of popular culture, science, technology, and politics.

人的一生中,如果能在对的时间邂逅一本对的书,就会深深地被其影响。就如榜单上即将列举出来的这些人,他们虽来自各行各业,但都有一个共同点--他们都读过那么一本改变了自己生命轨迹的书籍。而他们转而又影响着全球的大众文化、科学、技术和政治。

10.Competing Against Time--Tim Cook

10.《与时间赛跑》与蒂姆·库克

国外成功人士和牛人推荐的十本书

《与时间赛跑》与蒂姆·库克

After graduating from college, Tim Cook got into computers when he landed his first job with IBM in 1982. In 1996, he started to work for Apple when they were at the lowest point in their company's history, having lost $1 billion the previous fiscal year. Cook is credited with reorganizing the company's manufacturing operations. He simplified the network of manufacturers and distributors, and he improved Apple's systems to keep better track of inventory. When Apple became one of the most successful companies of all time, Cook was hailed as a brilliant manager with an amazing ability to communicate. After the death of Steve Jobs in 2011, Cook took over as CEO of Apple.

1982年,大学刚毕业的蒂姆·库克在IBM公司开始了他人生中第一份工作,并从此进入计算机行业。1996年,他开始为苹果公司工作,那时,该公司上一财年的损失已达十亿美元,经营情况跌至谷底。库克整改苹果公司的制造业务有功,他简化了制造商和经销商网络,改进了公司的工作机制,以便时时掌握库存情况。当苹果公司成为有史以来最成功的企业时,库克也被誉为具有惊人沟通能力的出色管理者。2011年,史蒂夫·乔布斯逝世,库克便接任了苹果公司首席执行官。

The book that had the greatest effect on Cook, which he is known to hand out to colleagues, is Competing Against Time, by George Stalk Jr. and Thomas M. Hout. The book is about how time management is one of the most important aspects of a company. When a company organizes their time, it cuts down on costs and makes customers happier. Based on ideas from the book, Cook tried to impress upon his employees that it is important to give your customers what they want, when they want it, because if you don't, your competitor will. Cook is described here as opposed to Jobs himself, because Jobs had a lot of books that influenced him, and there isn't a single one to point out. One notable book that Jobs liked was Be Here Now, by Ram Dass. The book was very influential in the hippie movement, and it is about meditation, yoga, and spirituality.

这本对库克产生过巨大影响的书,他曾向同事们分发,那就是由乔治·斯托尔克·Jr和托马斯·M·豪特合著的《与时间赛跑》。这本书说的是时间管理对企业的重要性。一个公司能管理好它的时间,就能降低成本,使顾客更觉愉悦。基于书中的观点,库克试图让其员工牢记这样一种理念:想顾客之所想,急顾客之所急,解顾客之所需是最重要的,因为倘若我们不这样做,我们的对手就会这样做了。在读书这方面,库克和乔布斯迥然不同。因为对乔布斯而言,很多本书都影响到了他,很难挑出对其影响特别巨大的一本。但他喜欢的书中也有一本值得一提,那就是拉姆·达斯 的《活在当下》。这本书的内容有关于冥想、瑜伽和灵修,在嬉皮士运动中很有影响力。

9.The Little Prince--James Dean

9.《小王子》与詹姆斯·迪恩

During James Dean's short life, he made just three films. All of them are considered classics, and he was posthumously nominated for two Academy Awards. His brief flash of stardom still shines today, 60 years after dying in a tragic car accident at the age of 24, on September 30, 1955.

詹姆斯·迪恩在其短暂的一生中,仅仅拍摄了三部电影。可这三部电影都被誉为经典之作,他死后两次被提名奥斯卡奖。1955年9月30日,他死于一场悲惨的车祸,即便六十年后的今天,他那转瞬即逝的明星光华仍然绚烂夺目。

Dean's favorite book was one that he read in high school, which was the classic and beloved novella The Little Prince, by Antoine de Saint-Exupery. Published in 1943, The Little Prince is narrated by a pilot who crashes in the Sahara Desert. As he is fixing his plane, a little blond boy, the titular little prince, approaches him and asks for help with drawing a sheep. After they become friends, the prince tells the pilot that he came from a tiny planet called Asteroid 325. He left his planet because he got lonely. As he talks to the pilot, he explains that on his journey, he encountered grown-ups for the first time, and he was not impressed with the attitudes of the people he met. The Little Prince, which the author said is "a book for children that is written for adults," is about disillusionment with adult life and the dangers of being narrow-minded. One of the main messages is that it is important to keep an open mind and always be curious. Dean deeply identified with the book and took it with him any time he moved. The book was so important to Dean that his good friend, biographer, and possible lover, William Bast, wrote about it in an inscription on Dean's memorial near his crash site. The inscription starts off with Dean's favorite line from the book, "What is essential is invisible to the eye." It is then followed by Bast's explanation, "This quotation from Jean Antoine de Saint Exupery's 'The Little Prince' was probably James Dean's favorite. It seemed to hold a deep and private significance for him, and he read it often especially with those he loved."

迪恩最深爱的书是他高中时看的一本很流行的经典短篇小说--安东尼·德·圣·埃克苏佩里所著的《小王子》。这本书于1943年出版,一位在撒哈拉沙漠坠机的飞行员将这故事娓娓道来。他在修理飞机的时,一个金发小男孩,也就是小王子,向他走来,并请他帮自己画一只羊。他们俩成为朋友后,小王子告诉飞行员他来自325号 小行星。因为孤单,他离开了家。小王子告诉飞行员说,这次旅途中,他第一次遇见大人,但之前遇见的人都以何种态度处世,他都已经印象淡漠了。《小王子》一书折射出作者对成人世界的失望以及对心胸变得狭隘的警惕,他说"这是一本儿童读物,但它为成人而写"。本书的主旨之一就是强调不抱成见和永葆好奇十分重要。迪恩非常喜欢这本书,并将它随身携带。这本书对迪恩如此重要,以至于他的好友,即迪恩的传记作者、他传说中的爱人--威廉·巴斯特将它刻在了他车祸现场附近的纪念碑上。碑文以此书中迪恩最喜欢的句子开头:"眼睛看不见事物的本质,用心去看才看得清楚。"紧跟其后的便是巴斯特的解释:"这句话取自迪恩生前最爱、圣埃克苏佩里所著的《小王子》一书。它对迪恩似乎有着深沉而隐秘的含义,他经常读这句话,特别是在那些他爱的人面前。"

8.The Remains Of The Day--Jeff Bezos

8.《长日留痕》与杰夫·贝佐斯

Amazon got its start in 1995 when its founder, Jeff Bezos, left his job as vice president of a Wall Street firm and moved to Seattle to focus on building the business. Originally, Amazon started as an online bookseller and has since grown to be the biggest marketplace on the Internet.

亚马逊创办于1995年。那时,它的创始人杰夫·贝佐斯辞去华尔街一家公司的副总裁职务,搬到西雅图全心全意打造自己的事业。起初,亚马逊只是一家网上书店,而今却发展成为最大的网上商城。

Bezos obviously saw the value in books, so he was asked what was the most influential book he's ever read. Perhaps, because of Amazon's success and corporate culture, one might think that it would be some business book. Instead, it is the Man Booker Award–winning Remains of the Day, by Kazuo Ishiguro. The 1989 novel is told from the point of view of an English butler named Mr. Stevens, who tells the story though his diary and everyday events. The plot revolves around his work and his undying love for a housekeeper who used to work at the manor with him. Bezos said he loved the book because he thought it was impossibly perfect. He did not know someone could actually write something like that. When he was asked if he saw any parallels between his work with Amazon and the book, he said, "What we're doing here is unusual but nowhere in the same league as impossible."

显然,贝佐斯看到了书的价值,而他也曾被问到读过的对自身最有影响力的书是哪一本。也许,由于亚马逊的成功和企业文化,有人可能会认为那一定是某本商业书籍。然而,它是布克奖的获奖作品--石黑一雄所著的《长日留痕》。这本于1989年获奖的小说从一位英国管家--史蒂文斯先生的视角来写,他向我们讲述自己日记和日常事务中的故事。剧情围绕着他的工作以及他对曾一起共事的女管家不朽的爱展开。贝佐斯说,他喜欢这本书就因为它完美到不可想象,他从不曾想过一个人居然可以写出这样精彩的故事。有人问他,他是否看到了这本书与自己为亚马逊所做努力之间的相似之处,他说,"我们正在做的事情非同寻常,但在行业内却绝对可以实现"。

7.The Alchemist--Will Smith, Madonna, And Pharrell Williams

7.《牧羊少年奇幻之旅》与威尔·史密斯、麦当娜和法瑞尔·威廉姆斯

Besides being some of the highest-charting musicians of the past three decades, Will Smith, Madonna, and Pharrell Williams all share a deep love for the same book, and they all credit it with changing their lives. That book is the beloved novel The Alchemist, by Brazilian-born Paulo Coelho.

威尔·史密斯、麦当娜和法瑞尔·威廉姆斯三位不仅都是过去三十年专辑销量最高的歌手,他们还都深爱着同一本书,并相信它改变他们的生活。这本书就是倍受青睐的小说--巴西作家保罗·科埃略所著的《牧羊少年奇幻之旅》。

The mega-bestselling novel follows a young Spanish boy named Santiago. Santiago has a prophetic dream and feels that he needs to travel to Egypt. Before he leaves, he learns about something called the Personal Legend. The Personal Legend is what a person has always wanted to do with their life. It is an innate feeling and children talk openly about it. In the book, it also says that when you try to follow your Personal Legend, the universe will actually work in your favor and rise up to meet you. If you follow your Personal Legend, you can even achieve the impossible, like alchemy, which is turning lead into gold. In an interview, Will Smith talked passionately about the book and how he dedicates his life to show people that the impossible is possible if you just try. He wants his life to represent possibilities, and he even considers himself a metaphorical alchemist. As for Pharrell Williams, he said the book was like an epiphany to him. He was able to look back at his life, and he realized that he was so thankful for everyone who helped him get to that point in his Personal Legend. Oprah, who is also a fan of the book, said that Madonna told her about it in 1996, and Madonna said it changed her life.

这本超级畅销的小说讲述的是年轻的西班牙男孩圣地亚哥的故事。圣地亚哥做了一个梦,梦中预言金字塔附近藏有宝藏,他便心怀触动,觉得自己需要前往埃及。离开之前,他终于懂得了"个人传奇"的真谛。"个人传奇"是一种心灵的召唤,是一个人一生中一直想去做的事情。这是一种与生俱来的感觉,孩子们总是大大方方谈论它。这本书还说你在努力追寻属于自己的传奇时,整个宇宙的力量都会为你所用,并最终帮助你实现愿望。你甚至可以变不可能为可能,就像炼金术,能将铅炼化为黄金。在一次采访中,威尔·史密斯满怀激情地谈论这本书以及他如何努力过好自己的生活,他想向人们传达这样一种理念:只要你勇于尝试,所谓的不可能就会成为可能。他希望自己的生命有着无限可能,他甚至自喻为炼金术士。对法瑞尔·威廉姆斯来说,这本书醍醐灌顶,让他灵台清明,让他能够回顾自己的生活,并意识到他应对那些帮助他书写自己传奇的人心怀感激。奥普拉也是这本书的粉丝,她说这是麦当娜1996年时推荐给她的,麦当娜还说这本书改变了她的生活。

6.Emma--J.K. Rowling

6.《艾玛》与J.K.罗琳

In the modern era of technological advance, J.K. Rowling did the impossible and got millions of children to read books. Even more amazingly, in addition to getting many kids to read something, her books have also transcended the borders of children's literature and are beloved by people of all ages.

在科技如此发达的今天,J.K.罗琳能让数百万儿童重新拿起纸质书阅读,她简直逆天了。更令人惊讶的是,她的作品更越过了儿童文学的边界,获得各年龄段人们的青睐。

The book that influenced Rowling the most is her favorite book by her favorite author: Emma, by Jane Austen. Emma, which was published in 1815, is a comedy of manners about a young, pretty, rich, and clever woman named Emma Woodhouse. Emma is single and has no desire to marry but likes to get involved with other people's love lives. Rowling said that what always impressed her is the mystery at the heart of the novel involving two of the characters, Frank Churchill and Jane Fairfax, who have been secretly engaged for the whole story. Rowling said that no matter what she wrote, she would never be able to write a mystery as good as the one in Emma. She also said that she loved the book because of how well-developed the character of Emma is and how much she identifies with her.

对罗琳影响最大的一本书,是她最喜欢的作家--简·奥斯汀所著的《爱玛》。这本书出版于1815年,是一部风尚喜剧,讲述的是一位年轻、漂亮、富有又聪明的女子的故事。她名叫爱玛·伍德豪斯,是一位单身女性,没有结婚的欲望,却喜欢参与别人的感情生活。罗琳说这本小说令她印象深刻的是有关其中心主题的一个秘密,这一秘密涉及到弗兰克·丘吉尔和简·费尔法克斯两个角色,故事中的他们秘密订婚了。罗琳说,无论她怎么努力,永远也无法写出像《爱玛》中的那个秘密一样精彩又悬念迭起的剧情。她还表示,她喜欢这本书是因为爱玛的角色十分丰满,自己也十分认同这一角色。

5.Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!--Sergey Brin

5.《别闹了,费曼先生!》与谢尔盖·布林

国外成功人士和牛人推荐的十本书

Sergey Brin met his future business partner, Larry Page, at Stanford University. Together, they created a search engine that would sort results by popularity. Of course, that search engine was called Google, and it forever changed the world.

谢尔盖·布林在斯坦福大学遇到了他未来的商业伙伴——拉里·佩奇。他们共同创建了一个搜索引擎,用其进行词条搜索时,所呈现的搜索结果会按热门程度排序。当然,这个搜索引擎就是谷歌,它永远地改变了世界。

The book that had quite a big impact on Brin was Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!, by Nobel-winning theoretical physicist Richard Feynman. Feynman helped to develop the nuclear bomb, and he also wrote some books that popularized theoretical physics. He was also known for writing humorous, semi-autobiographical books, and one of the most popular was 1985's Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman! What stuck with Brin after all those years was Feynman's open-mindedness. He was impressed with the fact that Feynman wanted to be the Leonardo da Vinci of his time. He was a musician, a storyteller, a scientist, and a humorist. The book was incredibly influential to Brin because he realized that it was important to be both innovative and creative. Fittingly, another favorite book of Brin's is Snow Crash, by Neal Stephenson. It predicted the rise of online communities and programs like Google Earth.

对布林产生巨大影响的书,是诺贝尔奖得主、理论物理学家理查德·费曼所著的《别闹了,费曼先生!》。费曼不仅参与开发核弹,还写了一些普及理论物理学的书籍。他也以写幽默的半自传体书籍而闻名。其中最流行的是写于1985年的《别闹了,费曼先生!》。这些年来,最吸引布林的是费曼的开明之心。而费曼想成为他那个时代的列奥纳多·达·芬奇,他是音乐家、作家、科学家与幽默大师,布林对此印象深刻。这本书对布林有着非比寻常的影响力,因为这让他深知具有创新性和创造性至关重要。恰巧,布林最喜欢的另一本书是尼尔·斯蒂芬森所著的《雪崩》,它预示了在线社区和诸如谷歌地图之类的程序的兴起。

4.Perfume: The Story Of A Murderer--Kurt Cobain

4.《香水:一个谋杀犯的故事》与科特·柯本

Nirvana's front man Kurt Cobain is often cited as the voice of his generation. For many fans, he was able to articulate the disenchantment and anger that they felt. Nirvana forever changed American culture, and his death on April 20, 1994, was one of the most defining moments of the 1990s. The book that had the biggest influence on Cobain was a 1985 German novel called Perfume: The Story of a Murderer, by Patrick Suskind. The book is hailed for its sensory, transcending nature. It is a book that evokes smell, making it a very immersive read. Perfume takes place in a very dirty 18th-century Paris and is about an orphan named Jean-Baptiste Grenouille, who has a unique relationship with scents. For example, he himself has no scent, and this small difference makes him a pariah that no one can stand. Grenouille also has an incredibly sensitive nose. He can dissect smells to their finest points. It would be like a chef being able to break down a taste to individual ingredients. Grenouille can also track smells for miles and sense scents all around him. He smells the world in the same way that Marvel's Daredevil "sees" his surroundings.

涅槃乐队主唱科特·柯本通常被认为是他那一代的代表声音。对很多粉丝来说,他能够清楚地表达他们的觉醒和愤慨。涅槃乐队永远改变了美国文化,而科班逝世于1994年4月20日,那是20世纪90年代最重要的时刻之一。对柯本影响最大的书,是1985年帕特里克·聚斯金德所著的德国小说《香水:一个谋杀犯的故事》。该书因其描绘的超自然的感官体验而获得赞誉。这是一本唤起嗅觉的书,能为你营造一种身临其境的阅读氛围。《香水》一书所描述的故事发生在18世纪脏乱差的巴黎,讲述的是一个名叫让-巴蒂斯特·格雷诺耶的孤儿的故事,他与气味有着非比寻常的缘分。例如,他自身没有体味,而这一小小的差异使他沦为世所难容的贱民。格雷诺耶的嗅觉还异常灵敏,他能够辨析香味的最细微处。这就好比一个厨师尝过一种味道,就能够分析出调制这种味道用到的各种原料。格雷诺耶能追踪数英里以外的气味,更能嗅出他周围的一切气味。就像夜魔侠用其他感官"看到"周围世界一样,他用嗅觉认识世界。

Because smells can be so overwhelming, he also finds that he can't stand humans because of their repulsive smell. As a result of his ability, Grenouille becomes a creepy loner obsessed with preserving the scents of beautiful women, even if it means killing them in the process. Although he is very much an outsider, he also uses his amazing ability to brew perfumes so wonderful that the public clamors for them. He even becomes famous. In hindsight, the parallels between Perfume and Cobain's life are pretty obvious, especially the ending, which we won't give away here. Cobain said that he read the novel at least 10 times, and he always had the book with him. The story is also the basis for the song "Scentless Apprentice" on Nirvana's album, In Utero.

由于气味是如此铺天盖地,他发现他受不了人们,因为他们身上散发出阵阵恶臭。更由于他天赋异禀,格雷诺耶成为了一个恐怖的独行侠,他沉迷于收集美丽少女们身上馨香的体味,即便这意味着在取香的过程中杀死她们。虽他全然是个门外汉,却能用自己惊人的能力调制出异常美妙的香水,以至于人们竞相争购。他也因此成名。事后看来,《香水》所写的故事与柯本的生活十分相似,尤其是结局,我们就不在这里透露了。柯本说这本小说他至少看了10次,并且随身携带。这个故事也是涅槃乐队的专辑《In Utero》中,《Scentless Apprentice》一歌的创作基础。

3.The Aeneid--Mark Zuckerberg

3.《埃涅阿斯纪》与马克·扎克伯格

When Mark Zuckerberg first added his likes to his Facebook profile, he put the book Ender's Game, by Orson Scott Card, as a favorite book. Later, in an interview with The New Yorker, Zuckerberg clarified that the sci-fi classic was one he enjoyed, but it wasn't his favorite. He said that his favorite book is The Aeneid , by Virgil.

马克·扎克伯格首次在他脸书的个人资料中添加爱好时,把奥森·斯科特·卡德所著的《安德的游戏》列为他最喜欢的书。后来,在接受《纽约客》采访时,扎克伯格却澄清说,这部经典科幻小说他非常喜欢,但却不是他的最爱。他最喜欢的书是维吉尔所著的《埃涅阿斯纪》。

The Aeneid is a Latin epic poem that was written somewhere between 29–19 BC. It is about a group of Trojan survivors, led by Aeneas, who leave the city of Troy after it is destroyed by the Greeks. As he is leaving the city, he finds that it is his fate to lay the foundations for Rome. Aeneas and his fellow survivors go on a long and difficult journey that even involves going to the underworld. In spite of their hardships, Aeneas and the other Trojans carry on because it is their fate to build the most magnificent kingdom that the world has ever seen. Zuckerberg said that he first read the book when he was in high school while he was studying Latin. There are certainly parallels between Zuckerberg and Aeneas. Zuckerberg had his own journey to create the greatest social network of all time. Zuckerberg said that one thing that stuck with him was Aeneas's drive to follow his fate to build a city that "knows no boundaries in time and greatness."

《埃涅阿斯纪》是一部拉丁语史诗,公元前29年至公元前19年,作者苦心孤诣,历经十年才完成这部巨著。它讲述的是一群由埃涅阿斯率领的特洛伊战争幸存者,离开被希腊人摧毁的特洛伊城之后发生的故事。埃涅阿斯离开时才发现他的使命或许就是为罗马帝国打下基业,成为开国之君。他和追随自己的幸存者们开始了漫长而艰辛的旅程,甚至几经生死考验。纵有几多艰难险阻,他们也要继续前进,因为去建立一个前所未有的极尽宏伟的帝国,就是他们的宿命。扎克伯格说,他第一次读这本书,是在高中学习拉丁文之时。当然,扎克伯格和 埃涅阿斯之间也有相似之处。他也一直在建立有史以来最大社交网络的征程上努力不懈。扎克伯格说,他深为触动的一点是埃涅阿斯干劲十足去完成他的使命——建造一座"宏伟壮观人惊叹,荣光不朽耀古今"的城市。

2.A Treatise Of Human Nature--Albert Einstein

2.《人性论》与阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦

Albert Einstein was one of the greatest minds of all time. His name is synonymous with brilliance. So, what book had the biggest effect on such an important mind? It was A Treatise of Human Nature, by David Hume, which was published in 1738. Hume was a Scottish philosopher known for his contributions to philosophical skepticism.

爱因斯坦是人类史上最伟大的智者之一,他的名字也成为了才智的代名词。那么,到底是什么样的著作才能对这样一位举足轻重的智者产生巨大的影响呢?答案是于1738年出版,大卫·休谟所著的《人性论》。这位苏格兰哲学家为哲学怀疑论做出了突出贡献,并因此而闻名于世。

A Treatise of Human Nature, which is actually three books, was Hume's attempt to look at philosophy in a different way. It is a rather complicated book, which should be expected if Einstein loved it. Hume argued that not everything from life can be figured out from experiences. Book I, "Of The Understanding," is about the origins of ideas. Then, he discusses his skepticism about space, time, knowledge, and probability, including the nature of cause and effect. Book II, "Of the Passions," talks about first and second impressions and how our actions are affected by reason and passion. The third book is "Of Morals," where he argues that morality isn't based on logic but is more of a passion. Einstein mentioned a few times that A Treatise of Human Nature had a large influence on him. He read the book just before coming up with his famous special relativity theory. In a letter, Einstein said that Treatise helped him formulate the ideas. It was like he already had the ideas incubated in his brain, and Hume helped him to articulate them.

《人性论》全书分为三卷,在书中休谟试图用另一种视角审视哲学。这更是一本极其复杂的书,也难怪爱因斯坦会钟情于它。休谟指出,并非生活中的任何问题都能用经验主义的方法解决。在第一卷《论知性》中,休谟阐述了其认识论,探讨了其对时间、空间、知识、或然性以及因果法则本质的怀疑。在第二卷《论情感》中,休谟讨论了有关第一、第二印象的理论,以及理性与感性是如何影响我们行为举止的。在第三卷《论道德》中,他提出道德的基础应是情感而非理性。爱因斯坦三番五次提及《人性论》对他产生的巨大影响。在举世闻名的相对论提出前,爱因斯坦恰好读到了这本书。他在一封信中说到,是《人性论》帮他把相对论清晰地表达了出来。就好比相对论的理念本就存在于爱因斯坦的脑中,而休谟的观点又使这一想法更加明朗化。

1.That Printer Of Udell's--Ronald Reagan

1.《德尔的印刷工》与罗纳德·里根

One book that had a big effect on former President Ronald Reagan as a child was the Christian book That Printer of Udell's, by Harold Bell Wright. The main character of the book, Dick Falkner, was born into a broken home with an alcoholic father. In the opening pages of the book, his mother starves to death while his father has passed out. After losing both of his parents, Falkner moves to a bigger city, called Boyd City, and believes that "real Christians" would not let him starve. However, everyone turns Dick down for a job, except for a printer. He hires Dick, and the two become Christians. Dick later becomes a minister and helps to rescue Boyd City. At the end of the book, Dick heads to Washington, DC, to become a politician.

由哈罗德·贝尔·莱特创作的福音书籍《德尔的印刷工》曾深深地影响过孩提时期的美国前总统罗纳德·里根。书中的主人公迪克·福克纳出生于一个支离破碎的家庭,其父是一个酒鬼。故事开头,福克纳的母亲就在他父亲醉死后的不久也活活饿死了。福克纳失去双亲后,搬到了一个叫博伊德的大城市,他坚信在那里,"真正的基督徒"是不会让他挨饿的。然而,迪克的求职之路并不顺利,他屡遭拒绝,只有一位印刷商愿意对他施以援手。印刷商雇佣了迪克后,两人纷纷成为了虔诚的基督教徒。之后,迪克又做了牧师,以救赎博伊德城为己任。在故事的最后,迪克去了华盛顿,成为一名政治家。

The impact that the book had on Reagan was twofold, and it would forever change the course of his life. The first was that it inspired him to get baptized, and he became a Presbyterian, which he would remain until the day he died. The second was that it showed him that good could triumph over evil and that the good guys followed a code of morality. This, of course, can be seen as a driving factor in his presidency, especially his stance on communism and his War on Drugs. Another book that had a big impact on Reagan was Witness, by Whittaker Chambers. The book is about Chambers's time in the US Communist Party, which he joined in 1925 and became a spy for the Soviets. Chambers later renounced communism and testified against Alger Hiss at his perjury and espionage trial. The book reconfirmed Reagan's belief and stance against communism.

这本书对里根有双重影响,并永远地改变了他的人生轨迹。一方面,该书激励里根接受洗礼,他成了一名长老教会成员,直到去世。另一方面,该书教会了里根邪不压正的真谛,教导他善者要遵循基本道德规范。这一点自然也成为了里根总统任职期间一系列作为的驱动因素,他对待共产主义强硬的态度和坚持抵制毒品就是例证。另一本对里根影响巨大的著作是惠特克·钱伯斯创作的《见证》。该书讲述了钱伯斯作为美国共产党党员期间的故事。他于1925年加入美国共产党,并成为一名前苏联间谍。后来他又背弃了共产主义,并在阿尔杰·希斯伪证案中指证希斯是其党内同志,成希斯与其他同志企图在政府机关内安插共产党员及其同情者。这本书更加坚定了里根的政治信仰,令他始终坚定不移地站在反*阵营。
资源编号:ZY1675274;资源类别:(英语基础资料);收集时间:2020-06-03;资源参考链接
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